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The shift to DevOps production models, and the increasing reliance on serverless or containerized architectures is often driven by the need for operational speed and consistency. Digital transformation is supposed to make work smoother and more productive.
New research from Radware demonstrates the effect that the shift to microservices and the ever-evolving imperatives of digital transformation have had on organizations’ security posture.
A survey of 278 IT experts and executives from major companies (all of them had more than $250 million in revenue) found that security professionals aren’t always in the driver’s seat when it came to their company’s security posture. In fact, a full 70 percent of CISOs were not the top influencer when it came to deciding software policy, tools, or implementation.
That finding comes amid a massive shift in the operational structure and architecture of many IT teams that has engineers using new tools and finding new ways of working. These new methods have some wondering if security is an afterthought.
The Numbers Behind Digital Transformation
The survey illustrates the speed of two developments on the path to digital transformation. The first is the shift to DevOps or DevSecOps production models. The second is the increasing adoption of serverless or containerized architectures.
On the production model front, the data shows that more than 90% of respondents have DevOps or DevSecOps teams. It’s still a relatively recent phenomenon. Just one out of every five DevOps or DevSecOps teams have been in place for more than two years.
On the microservices side, the pace of change is even more in flux. Just ten percent of companies had no plans to migrate applications to serverless or containerized architectures. Most respondents saying they were either testing the water or were already moving along this particular path. Only about one in five respondents said they had migrated more than 50 percent of their apps to microservices architectures.
And these shifts are leading, as is the case, to some so-far unforeseen consequences. More than nine out of 10 reported data breaches in the prior year. More than half, 53 percent believe that some of these breaches were the result of poor communication or misunderstandings with their cloud provider over who was responsible for what.
Why Companies Are Still Vulnerable
One might suspect that companies in a state of flux are giving security considerations the short straw. And yet, that isn’t what the responses indicate. Companies are continuing to implement their current security architectures, however they are not evolving those same architectures for the new world.
More than half of the companies had multiple security protocol tools in place, with 70 percent having security controls on east-west traffic, 75 percent using a web application firewall, and more than half performing code reviews.
Companies are investing in tools, and using best practices, but they are still falling victim to successful cyberattacks. The shift in operations and architecture has exacerbated security dangers.
So, what can companies do about it?
The key lies in that first statistic in this article. CISOs have relevant security expertise. They need a seat at the table.
For one thing, companies need to defy — just a little — one of the imperatives driving the switch to containerless architecture: they need to slow down. The importance of planning can’t be ignored, and planning takes time. But it ensures that relevant stakeholders, like CISOs, play a strong role in decision-making.
The role of training can’t be ignored either. Terms like DevOps and digital transformation sound like technology-driven terms. In reality, they describe the way people are oriented toward and organized around their work. To get the most out of operational and architectural changes, invest in people.
It might seem unsatisfying to some to suggest that the solution to security woes doesn’t live in the technology stack. After all, the whole point of technology is the scalability of work. People are anything but scalable. But training, expertise, judgement, and consensus-building are critical components of security policy that add vital context to any organization.