DevOps and Audits - Do You Feel Lucky?
November 30, 2016

Pete Waterhouse
CA Technologies

In many ways running the gauntlet of audit is like playing out the "Do You Feel Lucky" scene from the movie Dirty Harry. Even if organizations have bridged the chasm between Dev and Ops, their go-fast efforts can be shot to pieces by those darned list-wielding and trigger-happy compliance police.

Maverick cops aside, compliance is more critical than ever, especially given the increase in cybersecurity threats and potential for data breaches. What's more, as physical and digital becomes inseparable, organizations have an added responsibility – keeping customers secure and safe as they design, build, test and release software.

So perhaps the old-school approach of loading up the audit list "Magnum-44" and firing off at the end of a development cycle is the best way to mitigate risk. Better that than have all this new-fangled continuous delivery and silo-busting talk (no separation of duties - shock-horror) threaten the foundations of governance and regulatory control – or worse, result in customer harm.

But it doesn't have to be this way. Audit needn't kill innovation, just as DevOps shouldn't cause undue consternation for auditors. Each can and should benefit the other; it just takes some work and plain old common sense.

Mutual Respect and Early Engagement

The earlier DevOps practitioners engage audit the better. Good auditors have broad perspectives regarding the world of business operations, which can be invaluable during application design, development and testing. Remember too, most auditors will be unfamiliar with modern DevOps practices, so education in context of how the new tools and automated processes benefit the auditing function is critical.

For example, take synthetic test data generation. All well and good for supporting our velocity goals, but also key evidence that a control strategy is in place to address a specific business risk – protecting customer information and sensitive data.

Many DevOps practices won't just be unfamiliar to auditors, they'll also be counterintuitive. Get ready for some friction (and more auditing) if a request for documented change control procedures is glibly rebuffed by developers stating that they don't exist, because – wait for it - they can deploy straight to production.

But there's no need to hit the panic button. The most important thing DevOps practitioners can do is to illustrate how internal procedures are still supporting controls' objectives – which can actually be easier when development and operations silos are removed. Like for example automatically initiating static-code analysis with a software build to ensure incorruptible code is moving through the pipeline – or development and IT operations working together during code reviews to ensure comprehensive application and infrastructure monitoring is established before production deployments.

Continuous Testing – the Auditing "Enforcer"

Impressing the value of DevOps practices (especially continuous testing) to auditors can also be beneficial. The communication and collaboration stimulated by automated testing can help auditors understand how business risks are being systemically managed.

For example, if security vulnerabilities are detected through an automated test during a software build, then the practice of failing the build becomes a key control surfaced by automation. Combine this with a rule that no production deployments can be made until the problem is fixed and the control becomes even better.

Of course it won't always be plain sailing. New automated methods of software validation may require more education, especially when they negate the need for the more traditional and familiar auditing controls. Be prepared to evidence how practices such as test-driven development (developers writing tests before coding) or requirements-based design (automatically generating test cases based on business requirements) are ensuring services deployed to production incur less risk.

It'll also be necessary to demonstrate how DevOps practices deliver controls that cater for production failures. For example, providing developers immediate access to application performance information specific to their code changes so they can quickly troubleshoot problems. Then by applying code fixes to the continuous delivery pipeline, tools such as release automation can demonstrate how resolutions are being applied faster or environments rolled back to a known good state.

From Box Ticking to Continuous Improvement

DevOps practices and auditing are not mutually exclusive; they're equally important in any business improvement program. By automating risk mitigation controls with DevOps and establishing bi-directional feedback loops, DevOps practitioners can quickly impress how new methods reduce business risk and support compliance goals – faster and with lower cost. Get this right and audit will view DevOps as less "tick in the box" and more as a value-added function.

In many ways audit is a real litmus-test for DevOps. It requires developers and IT operations purposefully collaborating and coordinating activities towards a top of mind boardroom issue – business governance. Sure, DevOps speed always grabs the headlines, but let's not forget the responsibility teams have in supporting many other corporate stakeholders and systems – including audit, risk management and compliance.

So the next time you get a visit from auditors – don't dread it or duck for cover – engage and demonstrate how DevOps supports shared business goals.

Share this

Industry News

July 09, 2020

ShiftLeft released a new version of NextGen Static Analysis (NG SAST), including new workflows, purpose-built for developers that significantly improve security, while enhancing productivity.

July 09, 2020

RunSafe Security announced a partnership with JFrog that will enable RunSafe to supercharge binary protections via a simple plugin that JFrog users can deploy within their Artifactory repositories and instantly protect binaries and containers.

July 09, 2020

LeanIX closed $80 million in Series D funding led by new investor Goldman Sachs Growth.

July 08, 2020

Afi.ai introduced Afi Data Platform, a cloud-based replication and resiliency service that helps to monitor, predict downtime and recover K8s applications.

July 08, 2020

D2iQ announced the release of Conductor, a new interactive learning platform that enables enterprises to access hands-on cloud native courses and training.

July 08, 2020

SUSE entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Rancher Labs.

July 07, 2020

Micro Focus announced AI-powered enhancements to the intelligent testing capabilities of the UFT Family, a unified set of solutions designed to reduce the overall complexity of automating the functional testing processes.

July 07, 2020

Push Technology announced the launch of a new Service API capability for Diffusion Cloud, Push’s Real-Time API Management Cloud Platform.

July 07, 2020

Lightrun exited stealth and announced $4M in seed funding for the first complete continuous debugging and observability platform for production applications.

July 01, 2020

JFrog announced the launch of ChartCenter, a free, security-focused central repository of Helm charts for the community.

July 01, 2020

Kong announced a significant upgrade to open source Kuma, Kuma 0.6, available today.

July 01, 2020

Compuware Corporation, a BMC company, announced new capabilities that further automate and integrate test data and test case execution, empowering IT teams to achieve high-performance application development quality, velocity and efficiency.

June 30, 2020

Couchbase announced the general availability of Couchbase Cloud, a fully-managed Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS).

June 30, 2020

Split Software announced new capabilities designed to accelerate the adoption of feature flags in large-scale organizations.

June 30, 2020

WhiteHat Security announced a discounted Web + Mobile Application Security bundle to help organizations secure the digital future.